Friday, September 22, 2017

Acrolink Mexcel 7N-PC-6700 and 7N-PC9700 Mexcel Power Cords

Acrolink's new Mexcel range of power cords just landed in Singapore. Is it time to break the piggy bank ?

Here is a sneak preview of things to come.

To be continued ...

Acrolink 7N-PC4030 Anniversario

Here is a special edition of the ever popular Acrolink 7N-4030 power cable. The Anniversario is available both in factory terminated version and off-the-reel. The Anniversario uses larger copper strands (but less strands). The previous version uses 100 strands of 0.26 mm diameter copper, while the Anniversario uses 50 strands of 0.37 mm diameter copper. The outer copper foil shield gets a drain wire which permits you to ground the shield if desired. The black jacket of the 7N-4030 had a rubbery feel to it, and the very fragile wording reminded me of some of my NOS vacuum tubes - a touch and that was the end of the print ! I much prefer the new jacket that looks better and should be trouble free.  

To be continued ...

Sunday, September 17, 2017

Black Cat Cable Indigo XLR interconnects


INDIGO XLR Interconnects

  • Zolt├ín Matrix Conductor
  • InterPole Matrix shield
  • Low Density Microporous ePTFE Insulator
  • Nylon Multifilament Jacket
Handcrafted by Chris Sommovigo in his Yoshihama workshop in Yugawara, JAPAN

Indigo RCA Cables:

1.0mpr : $11,499.95 (+ $2,000 per additional 1/2m pair)

Indigo XLR Cables:

1.0mpr : $12,499.95 (+2,000 per additional 1/2m pair)

Indigo Speaker Cables: 

1.5mpr / Standard : $11,499.95 (+ $2,000 per additional 1/2m pair)
1.5mpr / Shotgun : $17,499.95 (+ $2,000 per additional 1/2m pair)
1.5mpr / Shotgun BiWire : $17,499.95 (+ $2,000 per additional 1/2m pair)

Nothing like some tantalizing pictures to get your heart pumping and blood flowing right ? Here are some really nice pictures from Chris Sommovigo of Black Cat Cable.

Sunday, August 13, 2017

HIFIMAN Susvara Headphones


HIFIMAN's Susvara headphones have been creating a lot of chatter on the internet - this is definitely a product that polarizes users - Firstly, is it a statement product that lives up to expectations ? Secondly, is the price tag justified ?


Susvara means the world's melodious sounds in Sanskrit. I suppose naming your products after Greek, Norse or Celtic mythology is somewhat passe in audio, so some brownie points to HIFIMAN for being different here.

The Susvara is HIFIMAN's statement magnetic planar headphone, although it is not the company's most expensive (see my earlier coverage on the Shangri-la electrostatic headphone). Sporting stealth magnets and a gold-coated nanometer grade diaphragm, the Susvara was designed as the successor to the HE-6. Similar to the HE-6, the Susvara does not even attempt to be amplifier friendly. A punishingly low sensitivity requires a very powerful headamp to bring out it's best. HIFIMAN does sell a matching headamp (the EF1000), as well as an adapter box to allow you to use your loudspeaker amplifier to drive their headphones.

The product comes in a very large black box, with a hardcover owner's guide (which would be right at home on a coffee table in some luxurious city penthouse). Two cables are provided, one terminated with a 6.3 mm plug, and another with a 4 pin XLR plug. The cable conductors consists of mono-crystal copper and silver. 

Let's have a look at the technical specifications :-

Frequency Response : 6 Hz - 75 kHz
Impedance : 60 ohms
Sensitivity : 83 db (no typo here, although HIFIMAN users would just nod knowingly)
Weight : 450 g

While the Susvara has substantial mass, they proved to be very comfortable in use. I could wear them for hours on end without any issue. As an eyeglass wearer, I did not have any problems with the headband exerting any pressure on my spectacles. Head clamping force is best described as light, perhaps a touch too light - bending forward results in the headphones slipping off.

Build quality is quite good subjectively with everything working as it is, and finished quite nicely. However, as a statement-fi product, it has to be held up against absolute standards. In that respect, build quality could be said to be not good enough for its price tag. My main criticism would be against the headband and the supplied cables. The headband is unlikely to hold up to long term ownership, while the cables have a subtly sticky feel to them and embarrassingly, a plastic Y-joint. Nothing out of place on a USD 600 product, except this one has an extra zero at the end.

Another point to note is that these cans offer almost zero isolation. Yes, they are open backed headphones. However, these are in a class of their own. Not only can you hear environment noise perfectly, you also get to share your music tastes with the whole room. My wife repeatedly criticised my track selection when I was listening to these in her presence. Moral of the story ? You need to enjoy these alone, and in a quiet environment.

My set was brand new and I ran them in for approximately 150 hours before doing any serious evaluation. I did sneak in some listening in between - out of the box, the Susvara is actually quite palatable, they simply improve and open up as they clock-in the hours.  

Sound Quality

Practically speaking, the Susvara needs as much power as you can throw at it. My Antelope Zodiac Platinum DAC was running near flat out. In the end, I used my Audio-Gd C2 class A headphone amp (2.3 W power output into 40 ohms) and my Violectric HPA V281 DAC / headphone amp (4.2 W power output into 50 ohms) for most of my evaluation. Tonally, I preferred the Violectric which sounded more neutral while the Audio-Gd was warmer than I would have preferred. One thing for sure is that the Susvara is transparent to upstream components - each DAC / headamp sounded distinctly different. I preferred these cans connected via balanced cables and used these throughout the review period.

In terms of listening level, both amps ended up with the volume knob around the 12 to 2 o'clock mark. I noticed that I tended to listen to the Susvara louder than my normal levels. Firstly, they sounded very clean, tempting you to pump up the volume. Secondly, they really start coming to life at loud levels. 

Tonally, the Susvara is illuminated in a subtly soft way. It would never be described as bright, nor dark for that matter. My Audeze LCD 2.2 and Sennheiser HD6xx (a Massdrop labelled HD650) are darker, while my Beyer DT880 (250 ohm version) is brighter. 

Bass notes are tight and very well controlled. No bloat or overhang here. The Susvara does not have the bone-crushing qualities of the Audeze - maybe bassheads will find the low frequencies lacking. This is also highly dependent on your headamp. A lack of power will result in loose and weak bass. When I returned the Susvara after my evaluation period, AV One asked me to try the Woo Audio WA33 which was on display. Paired with the Chord Dave DAC, these really packed some wallop into the Susvara. One thing I really liked about the bass quality was its texture - plenty of articulation and not too dry nor wet, just perfect !

Midrange is a bit laidback with a subtly sweet and creamy quality. Voices are very natural sounding and non-fatiguing. It has a very pleasant tone that trades a small amount of detail for smoothness and warmth. There is still plenty going on, and you are unlikely to find the midrange veiled or obviously coloured.

High frequencies on the Susvara were definitely a strong point for me. There is an extended and open quality to the treble, which is both highly detailed and fast. Despite all that detail and speed, it all comes together as naturally airy, light and natural. While transients were crisp, the Susvara avoided that edge and push employed by some of it's competitors - the sort of drive that makes you marvel at the level of "detail" for 2-3 minutes before you get a splitting headache.

I believe in reserving the best for last - soundstaging. The Susvara casts such a wide and open soundstage that you almost forget that you are listening to headphones. The width and spaciousness is really something that needs to be personally experienced. I never thought I would say these for headphones, but they have a degree of separation and dimensionality that you generally associate more with loudspeakers - high praise indeed !

I did not find the Susvara to be biased towards any of my usual genre of music (female vocals, jazz and classical music). That being said, I do not think that it is the natural choice for metal and EDM, or anything else that favours heavy bass and aggressive treble.


I thoroughly enjoyed my time with the Susvara. They were comfortable to use, were tonally very balanced and sounded really good. The real issue though is the cost of these headphones. A number of visitors to my home had the opportunity to listen to the Susvara and were mostly underwhelmed, especially after finding out the price tag. It would be safe to assume that they expected to be blown away by the sonic experience. Ironically, the Susvara is like that very nice and wholesome girl that is graceful yet understated. She may not be the life of the party, but after getting to know her better, you will understand and appreciate her virtues. Now that she has left my life, I feel quite sad and a little bit empty. Then again, I could not afford to upkeep her and to give her the life she truly deserves (sniff sniff).

Is the Susvara worth it's asking price ? Tough call here. I already get grief from other audiophiles over four digit price tag cables. A pair of headphones that are a sliver away from a five digit price tag (in Singapore dollars) ? The Susvara does offer world class performance. However, only you can decide whether it is worth the cost of ownership. Personally, I think they are definitely worth an audition if you are aiming for the very best headphones bar none.

I would like to thank HIFIMAN and it's Singapore distributor, AV One for arranging this review.

Recommended Retail Price : USD 6,000 or SGD 9,600

AV One
The Adelphi
1, Coleman Street #01-10
Tel : 6337 0080
Website :

Sunday, July 2, 2017

Devialet Expert Event

Devialet recently did a demonstration between their Expert Pro series and the preceding generation models at their Singapore dealer - Audionote Singapore.

The first demonstration involved a comparison between a pair of Devialet 400 Mono amplifiers, and a pair of the latest Expert Pro 440 amplifier. The rest of the setup comprised of Raidho speakers and an Audionote CD transport.

Regrettably for the 400 Mono owners, the comparison was to me utterly crushing. The 440 had more control, authority, sweetness and refinement. The demonstration material included fairly  dynamic test tracks played back at high volumes - the 440 really shone here with a lack of strain compared to the 400. Dimensionality was also much improved, with a superior rendering of acoustic space and sonic images.

The next demonstration session had a pair of Avantgarde speakers paired with the Expert Pro 1000 monoblocks - this time with an analog front. I've heard Avantgarde speakers before. It was marred by amplifier noise - the resultant hum was deafening through the high efficiency Avantgardes. Devialet was obviously not the least bit worried - the speakers were dead silent, not a trace of hum or noise. Sadly, I had to leave before the demonstration started proper. I did get to hear the warmup records ..... RIAA equalization in the digital domain ! Sounds like heresy, but frankly if they had covered  covered the Devialets up, I would have been none the wiser.

To be continued ...

Friday, May 12, 2017

Daedalus Audio DiD and LessLoss Bindbreaker Footers

Daedalus Audio DiD

This is my first encounter with a Daedalus Audio product. Daedalus is the father of Icarus in Greek mythology and a skillful craftsman and artist. The story of the wings fashioned by him to enable the escape of both Icarus and himself is most well-known - in particular, the tragic end of Icarus who did not heed his father's advice not to fly too high lest the wax holding the feathers together melt.

Coming back to the present time, Daedalus Audio is most well-known for it's hand-crafted speakers, featuring hand-crafted cabinets and high efficiency designs without the use of horns.

The DiD (Daedalus isolation Devices) are footers that use dissimilar materials to dissipate resonance coupled with bearings to isolate the component from vibration. The DiD is made from highly polished Aluminium, solid Cherry and Brass with steel bearings.

Additional felts pads are supplied to further tune the sound. A smaller pad fits in between the bearings and the wood top, while a larger pad can be used under the base of the DiD. I did not use either of the supplied pads since I needed the return the DiD after evaluation.

The DiD is very nicely made and all parts fitted together with very close tolerances. This is certainly made with pride and it shows !

Sonics wise, the DiD falls somewhere in between a bearing type footer (e.g. the models from Finite Elemente and Stillpoints) and wooden cones, combining precision with warmth and smoothness. It cleaned up the soundstage, improving placement and separation of instruments. It also added a very natural decay to notes. The warmth and smoothness imparted is quite subtle and you never get the feeling that information is being obscured or smoothed over. If you like your music sweet, overtly warm and with a lot of bloom, the DiD will not satisfy. Neither will it tick the boxes if you like your music with a razor sharp edge and pacing with military precision. Instead, the DiD strikes a careful balance between both. Who says you can't have your cake and eat it ? This is an easy one - Highly Recommended.

LessLoss Bindbreaker

Here is an accessory that sounds more like a magic spell. LessLoss should be a familiar name to many of you, with their reputation made on their power cables and conditioners. 

The Bindbreaker is made out of three parts. The small wood hexagon on top is connected to the large midsection via a hard metal bolt, and has a small amount of free play built in. The idea is to transmit vibrations rapidly to the steel plate underneath, and the matrix of attached bolts. The bolts in turn transmit the vibrations to the bottom wood hexagon which damp the vibrations. 

I noticed that in practical use, not all the steel bolt heads would make contact with the bottom wood hexagon. I would guess that the wood would flex slightly under heavy weight, but certainly not under my rather lightweight Totaldac DAC.

Sonically, the Bindbreaker is cooler in tone compared to the DiD. It cleans up the soundstage and improves imaging, but it has a more analytical presentation with drier albeit tighter bass lines. While the Bindbreaker never sounded sharp or sterile, it had less bloom, with tightly focussed images. The sense of air and decay was also less. 

While I preferred the DiD in my setup, the Bindbreaker turned in decent performance and is worthy of further investigation - it really is a matter of taste.

Both the DiD and Bindbreaker can be purchased from Horizon Acoustics. Thanks to KM Poon of Horizon Acoustics for his review samples !

Daedalus Audio DiD

Price : USD 160 each

Lessloss Bindbreaker Footers

Price : USD 160 each

Horizon Acoustics
144 Upper Bukit Timah Road

#03-15 Beauty World Centre
Singapore 588177
Telephone : 91259149

Website :

Sunday, April 30, 2017

Black Cat Cable - The Tube Extreme RCA cable


A very long time ago when I was a wee little audiophile, there lived a cable designer. His name was Chris Sommovigo and he designed a really famous digital cable that become the go-to cable for SPDIF use - The Illuminati D-60. 

Now, wee little audiophiles don't have a lot of money, especially ones that did not have a part-time job, nor rich parents. Hence, I never got that D-60, and after much sleepless nights worrying about signal reflections as a result of impedance mismatches, I took the cheap way out and purchased some 75 ohm coaxial cable used for TV aerial use and soldered some RCA connectors on them. 

Illuminati eventually got acquired by Kimber cable, and Chris ended up starting a few other companies such as Stereovox and Black Cat Cable. I finished school, got a job and can thankfully now afford some audiophile toys for myself from tome to time.

Recently, Black Cat Cable offered a limited run of a modestly priced RCA cable, "The Tube" with the very sexy XOX connectors. To a weak-minded audiophile like me, this was like dangling fish before a very hungry cat. My brain is programmed similarly to that of a cat, and I never say no to food. 

A short while later, a package arrived and the unboxing ceremony was an event in itself. I am very fond of Japanese packaging, and as far as I am concerned, this cable box could very well pass itself off as a presentation box for my many beautiful Japanese fountain pens.

I ended up loving this cable as much as my many fountain pens, except that this cable actually cost much less ! 

Black Cat Cable - The Company  

I had read about Chris's move to Japan - a small seaside town in Kanagawa prefecture. A move from an American city to a small town in Japan - that's really quite a change ! 

Chris was kind enough to answer some questions for me, and here is his verbatim reply (except for obvious typo corrections) - 

Q - Chris, your approach is really different from other industry participants. You choose to run your own winding machines, and even terminate all your cables yourself. This is really different from the new world order of getting an OEM manufacturer to fabricate a cable for you in bulk. Any insights as to why you choose to pursue this route that is a lot more difficult - both in terms of resources and scalability ?

A - The traditional methods of manufacturing cable from the industrial segment rely on big thermoplastic extrusions being squeezed out over bare wires, and this more or less limits the expressions of design that one can indulge in. There’s nothing inherently terrible about that approach - 99.9999% of cables sold in the consumer electronics industry are produced in this way.

The industrial model relies upon routine processes, and so when it comes to cable designs most companies have to shoehorn their intentions and desires into the existing paradigm of the industrial routine. I wanted to do some unusual things that were not really plausible from within the industrial model of manufacturing, so I had to figure out how to do them in my own workshop by creating and adapting processes and machines for my purposes. This has taken several years of continuous development, and evolutions in my thinking about how to approach the basic architecture of building a cable from raw materials. I’m at a point now where I’m satisfied that the processes are fine tuned and I can express my design motifs confidently.

In terms of scalability, these processes can be scaled up, but I’m not certain that I want to expand too much. My intention is not to be fighting for market share in all the top distributors and dealers around the world. To do that effectively and compete against the well known brands you have to do what they do: offer 80%+ margins, spiffs, free product, and on and on. I’m just a little guy … I can’t play those games. I can’t get in that race to the bottom.

What I do is highly specialized, and so I think it is better to keep the scale modest. Yes, there is room for some expansion, but this is High End Audio … not general consumer electronics. For my own philosophy, I think that there needs to be a degree of art and artisanship in what we do. We have to earn our keep in this way by producing authentic and specialized products for people who appreciate fine things. By the nature of that philosophy, this can’t be done on a large scale and it can’t be done cheaply. 

Q - I feel that your move to Japan really resonates with your product ethos. The culture there really believes in pride of workmanship, regardless of whether the job is simple or complex / highly skilled. Any comments ?

A - I think of Japan’s traditions of artisanal expertise coupled with the reputation for precision as a kind of ideal mix of characteristics. There’s a world of extraordinary craftsmanship here that connects past and present in ways that are really quite nourishing and enriching to the soul. I don’t dare think of myself in these terms, but I deeply appreciate and somewhat idolize people here who have mastered their crafts and who preserve their traditions. I’m in an environment that suits my way of thinking when it comes to my products and my art, and it’s quite nourishing to be immersed in this world.

Q - You are one of the very few in the industry to use proprietary in-house designed connectors. The Lovecraft and XOX connectors. Could you tell us a bit about these connectors ? I noticed that you don't follow the current trend of low-mass designs.

These are neither low mass not high mass, really. They are suitable for what I need them for, and there is an advantage to the way in which I execute the pin designs: they are a direct-gold plated copper hollow pin with a set screw. There are raised edges inside the pin so that when I use the set screw to tack down the conductor, the edges bite into the conductors and ensure a very low contact-resistance. I then flow solder into the joint so that there is some strain relief and also so that it forms a proper hermetic seal.

This approach is fundamentally excellent for making electrical connections such as these, but I never found any connectors available that had all of these attributes together. So I designed my own. These are quite a departure from my old Xhadow designs. Most obviously I am not using silver-plating any longer. I do like it better than gold plating, but the problems of tarnishing over time were problematic and erased the benefits of using silver plating. Although I retain the set-screw approach that I designed into the Xhadow connectors, the obvious departure is the hollow pin and the raised internal ridges (which I think is original and a bit clever). 

Q - Your geometries are quite complex. I guess that simple geometries didn't quite cut it for you ?

A - Simple geometries are effective to a degree, and they certainly fit into the industrial routines. I had different ideas that I really wanted to express, ways of ensuring high velocities inside the cable, and ways of making certain that they weren’t suffering from skin effect and proximity effect. The Matrix and The Matrix Mk. II are probably my most complicated builds that are in production, but upcoming will be my Super-Reference “Indigo” and that adds a new dimension of complexity to the approach I use with The Matrix.

But there’s also something positive to be said about distilling ideas into very simple and elegant forms, and to this end I have a project, called “AIRWAVE”, that is based upon the distillation and simplification of something that was designed during the Indigo development cycle. It’s not nearly the same as what’s being done for Indigo, but it benefits by the approach and allows me to create something very good and yet quite inexpensive. I’m quite excite about AIRWAVE because it’s going to bring some seriously high performance to folks who want entry-level products. 

Q - Any chance we will see power cords in the future ? 

A - Perhaps. Probably. Possibly. I don’t know … lots of folks ask me about them. Maybe it’s time.

The Tube Extreme Cable

The XOX RCA plug up close. Puts most connectors out there to shame.

Since we are on the topic of artisan works of art from Japan, here is a picture of my Nakaya Piccolo Arai-shu fountain pen. Ebonite body and Urushi lacquer finished.

To be continued ...

Sunday, April 16, 2017

Nagra BPS Phono Stage - Brief Impressions


As luck would have it, a kind soul lent me a Nagra BPS phono stage for a week to conduct an analog workshop for a small group. The BPS was handed over to me in a small plastic flightcase, which was a refreshing change from the equipment I have had to handle recently (which could double up as weights in the gym !)


The Nagra BPS is slightly larger than the palm of my hand, and operates from a single 9V battery. It has a variety of loading and gain options, which should make it easy to mate with a variety of cartridges. MC gain is partly accomplished using in-house wound transformers.

The top cover of the BPS removes easily using the supplied hex key, giving access to various jumpers and the loading board. A separate hatch allows you to swop the 9V battery easily without having to open the top cover. 

The front panel has a single toggle switch with three positions, "on", "off" and "test" (for battery life). The rear panel has two pairs of RCA sockets and an incredibly small grounding post. A DC socket allows you to use the BPS with an external power supply (7-10 V DC). I used this feature only to keep the circuit warmed-up and switched to the battery for listening sessions.

Gain is a very healthy 53 db for MM and 64 db for MC. Jumpers allow you to attenuate the gain by 16 db if you require. The resistive load settings for the BPS are 100, 150, 220, 330, 470 and 1000 ohms. 

I was a bit concerned about battery life in use, but the manual states that the battery life is 100 hours, and in the 4-5 hours that I used the unit, the dealer installed battery held up fine.

Sound Quality

I tried it first with my high output MC cartridge, a Sumiko Blackbird. The high frequencies were distorted, but using the 16db attenuator fixed all of that. Compared to my Whest Two phonostage, the Nagra had a lighter and faster tone. 

The workshop host was using a midrange Pro-ject deck with an Ortofon 2M Blue MM cartridge. The differences between the Nagra and Whest were clearly audible, with some members of the audience preferring the more linear and extended sound of the Nagra and some preferring the more romantic tone of the Whest. The Nagra had a more neutral tone, with a very tight and fast bass line, and a drier but more extended top end. I also felt that the Nagra's soundstage presentation was more distant, but with better separation and more precise imaging.

Moving the Nagra back home, I tried it with my main rig, a Soulines Kubrick DCX with Jelco SA-750 tonearm. I tried a Hana SH cartridge - a high output MC cartridge (review coming) and a Shelter 5000 MC cartridge. I used my Graham Slee Reflex M and Elevator as a comparison phono stage. The Nagra sounded quite different in this setup. On both cartridges, midrange had a more laidback and subtly creamy quality to it, while both frequency extremes were clean and tightly controlled. The Graham Slee had a much more dynamic presentation, with a more vibrant and tonally dense delivery. Staging wise, the Graham Slee projected a more three dimensional stage, with a greater sense of depth and height. In comparison, you could describe the Nagra as being subtly expressive, but with a more restrained delivery.


Performance wise, I would put the Nagra to be on par with the Graham Slee duo, although their tonal balance are quite different. As a matter of reference, both phono stages are in a similar price bracket locally. Assuming that you like a more neutral tone, the Nagra is an impressive phono stage.

Thursday, March 9, 2017

Hifiman Shangri-La Private Event at AV One


You got to give it to Hifiman. It takes guts to launch a headphone system with a USD 50,000 price tag.

Clearly aimed into Sennheiser Orpheus II territory, the Shangri-La headphone system consists of a fully balanced drive tube amplifier / energizer and a Electrostatic headphone.

AV One, the local dealer for Hifiman arranged a private event to showcase the Shangri-La. Dr. Fang Bian, CEO and founder of Hifiman graced the event and answered any questions posed by the audience.


The Shangri-La headphone amplifier is very large, with four 6SN7 tubes in the input stage, and four 300B tubes in the output stage. The amplifier is designed to offer balanced drive, and the microprocessor controlled volume knob activates a series of relay controlled resistors to set the volume level.

Dr. Fang mentioned that they enjoy a very special relationship with TJ Fullmusic, the tube manufacturer, which is located just a short distance away from them in the Chinese city of Tianjin. A vigorous selection process is employed - only a handful are selected from each batch sent (consisting of a few hundred tubes).

According to Dr. Fang, tube amplifiers are a perfect design for electrostatic headphones due to their high voltage design. Unlike speaker loads, an electrostatic headphone load requires very little current, and an output transformer is not required. 

The driver membrane of the headphones are treated with a nano coating that ensures that performance is not adversely affected by humidity levels (a bane in Singapore with it's tropical humidity). He acknowledged that nano coating is not new, but he felt that the coating employed in the Shangri-La had no adverse effect on the sound, unlike those used by competitors.

I asked Dr. Fang about the cost of the amplifier and headphone. Dr. Fang said that the amplifier cost more to build from a materials point of view. However for Hifiman, the amplifier was relatively easier to design compared to the headphones which required a lot more effort in research and development.

Sound Quality

I spent about 15 minutes alone with the Shangri-La listening to a variety of music that was installed on the supplied notebook computer that was in turned hooked up to a Chord Dave DAC.

The Shangri-La has quite a unique sound signature. It has an immediately recognisable warm and liquid signature. However, it also has a high detailed presentation and very extended top-end. It also has an effortless feel to it, with an easy going sound signature that should make long listening sessions comfortable. Think lightning fast transients with a natural leading edge and decay and that's the Shangri-La for you.

Tonally, it sits somewhere in between the Sennheiser HD600 and 800. Dynamics wise, it is not the most impactful headphone I've heard, but I would say that details wise, it is up there with the best. 

If we disregard the price tag, these are very nice sounding headphones - I could easily live with these. But the price tag on these make these unobtainable for all but a select few. Statement-fi products like the Shangri-La do not follow the usual rules on performance vs cost. They exist simply because they can - there will always be the customer that demands the very best, at any cost.

I asked Dr. Fang whether we could expect any trickle-down products at something mere mortals like myself could afford. He said that something is being planned, and left it at that. Don't keep us waiting too long !


Listening to the Shangri-La was an experience. Let's hope we get a more affordable Shangri-La lite model soon.

Thank you to AV One for inviting me for this exclusive event, and also a big thanks to Dr. Fang of Hifiman for patiently answering my questions.

AV One


Sunday, February 26, 2017

Holo Spring Level 3 DAC - A mini review


I recently spent a few quality days with the Holo Spring Level 3 DAC, courtesy of Sound Affairs, Singapore distributor for Holo. There is plenty of chatter in various audio forums on the Holo Spring DAC, especially on the high level of performance it delivers for it's price.


The Holo Spring is a really nice looking DAC (I adore those copper side panels), and is solidly built. It probably has the largest display I've ever seen, and the dot matrix panel is fully legible even from my listening position. 

The Spring DAC is a R2R DAC design. What differentiates the Spring from the rest of it's competition is that fact that DSD is decoded using a R2R circuit too. This is achieved by having two separate R2R circuits - one for PCM and the other for DSD.

The front panel has four buttons. The first button puts the DAC in standby mode, while the rest of the buttons control the display intensity, oversampling mode and source. There are four oversampling modes, NOS (no over-sampling), OS (both PCM and DSD are oversampled in their native format), OS PCM (oversampled PCM - DSD is converted to PCM), and OS DSD (oversampled DSD - PCM is converted to DSD).

The rear panel has both single-ended and balanced analog outputs, while a total of 6 digital inputs are offered - USB (galvanically isolated), coaxial, BNC, AES, Toslink and I2S via HDMI (PS Audio standard). The Level 3 unit utilises a silver wire power transformer and Jensen capacitors.

In use, the Spring DAC runs quite warm. It was left powered on for the few days I had it in my system. 

Dimensions wise, the Spring DAC measures 430 mm x 300 mm x 55 mm, and weighs 8.5 kg. 

Sound Quality

I was not able to do detailed comparisons of the Spring DAC using various digital inputs or its oversampling modes due to the short evaluation period I had. However, I did find that NOS mode sounded the most pleasing to my ears. While the tone of the unit was similar via SPDIF and I2S, I had a slight preference for I2S (fed via a Singxer SU-1 USB / SPDIF bridge) and stuck to that.

The Spring DAC struck me with it's highly detailed presentation, with excellent retrieval of details. At the same time, the detail is presented in a very light-footed, delicate and silky manner. There is a noticeably warm glow and sweetness to the sound. If you find digital sources harsh and cold, you will love the Spring DAC. 

From a soundstaging perspective, there is a subtle emphasis to the midrange which is projected slight forward from the rest of the instruments. Otherwise, there is a good sense of width and depth.

Dynamically, the Spring DAC is slightly lacking in impact and speed. I also felt that strings and cymbals lacked the bite and shimmer of the best units out there. You could say that there was a certain amount of restraint and lack of rawness and energy to the Spring DAC - definitely not the first choice for Rock, Metal or EDM.  


The Spring DAC is a very nice performer for the price. It's tonal balance tends to favour certain genres and it appeals more to the listener that prefers a sweeter and more easy-going sound. Thankfully it does not trade resolution to achieve this, and you get a highly detailed yet easy-on-the-ear tone.

A big thanks goes to Sound Affairs Pte Ltd (local agent for Holo) for arranging for the review unit.

Holo Spring Level 3 DAC
Price : S$ 3,500

Sound Affairs Pte Ltd
100 Beach Road, Shaw Tower #02-34/35 Singapore 189702 Tel: +65 9694 9704

X Audio - Entreq event on 14 January 2017

Frankie Pang, representative of Entreq Asia was in town recently to meet up with Entreq users. Frankie spent an afternoon at X-Audio, the Singapore dealer for Entreq, mingling with both Entreq customers and prospective ones.

I have been using Entreq products for a while now, having owned and used the Minimus and Tellus grounding box (together with Eartha Silver grounding cables) for a few years now. I did a review on the Olympus Ground Box, Tellus and Eartha Silver grounding cables (click here for the Olympus Review, and here for the Tellus / Eartha review).

Frankie shared with me information on some new products, in particular the K2, Everest and Tellus 2.

The K2 and Everest are upgrades available to any Entreq grounding box user - you simply need to replace one or more of the binding posts with either the K2 or Everest. Frankie was confident that the use of either could significantly improve the performance of the ground box in question. He suggested that using one or two pieces should give the most significant gains.

Frankie explained that the K2 uses a basic alloy of metals, while the Everest utilises a more complex composition. According to Entreq, the addition of a K2 or Everest to the Minimus ground box (which has a single binding post), would allow it to outperform a Silver Minimum. 

Moving on to the Tellus II, this is a significant redesign of the original Tellus grounding box, and is in fact three grounding boxes in a single case - a Silver Minimus for the right and left binding posts, and a Silver Minimus and Atlantis Minimum for the centre binding post. Unlike the original Tellus, all three binding posts for the Tellus II are electrically isolated from one another.

I left the event with a K2 and Everest for experimentation. Stay tuned for the results !

Monday, January 23, 2017

Vinshine Audio DAC-R2R Ref


R2R DACs seem to be all the rage nowadays. However, not everyone can afford the DACs from MSB or Totaldac. Luckily we do have some more affordable options now. Soekris Engineering brought discrete resistor R2R to the masses, with an affordable full populated board - just add a suitable power transformer and you were effectively good to go. Wait a minute - can't read a circuit diagram to save your life, and scared of handling potentially lethal voltages ? Have no fear - our very own local company, Vinshine Audio has come up with a ready made product utilising a Soekris board. My review model came with the Rev 3 0.02 % board.

To an oldie audiophile like me, the fuss about R2R is quite amusing. When I started out in the hobby, all CD players utilised R2R DACs. A short while later, Philips started extolling the virtues of bitstream DACs. In fact, I secretly lusted after a Marantz CD 10 that used a bitstream DAC.

Fast forward to the present, and the DAC in my main setup is an R2R DAC, while the DAC in my second setup is a Delta Sigma design. The rest of my spare DACs are an even mix of both. You can get great and truly awful sounding DACs that fall into both camps. A DAC is built from far more from the decoding chip alone - the technical implementation, power supply and output stage etc. all play an important part in the quality of the finished product.

Some history about Vinshine Audio - this is a Singapore company started by Alvin Chee. Alvin is quite active in our local audio forum and has been helping us to get our hands on affordable audio products for a while. He has a long standing collaboration with Jay's Audio in China, and this DAC is designed by Vinshine but manufactured by Jay's Audio.

The heart of this DAC is the Soekris R2R board - you can read all about the Soekris board here


The Vinshine Audio DAC-R2R Ref is finished in satin black and feels solid - it is much heavier than it looks. It has compact dimensions at 300 (W) x 290 (D) x 80 (H) mm (excluding feet and the sockets / knobs) and weighs 6.4 kg.  

The unit feels sturdy and solidly finished. I really like the design. The silver knobs and name plate on the fascia looks very classy and elegant, with a nice contrast to the black colour of the unit. The knob on the left is the input selector, while the knob on the right is the volume control. A toggle switch on the right switches the DAC between fixed volume and variable volume mode. Twin 6.3 mm sockets allow headphone listening with your favourite person (just remember to use headphones of similar sensitivity since there is only one volume knob). The four blue LED lights indicate the selected input and variable volume mode.

The back panel has a pair of single ended and balanced analog outputs, three digital inputs (USB, AES and coaxial - the latter two inputs are transformer isolated), and the power switch. You also have an RS-232 female DB-9 socket, which allows you to upgrade the firmware of the Soekris board and upload new digital filters. Despite the labeling, there is no I2S input. Another oddity is the orientation of the analog outputs, which place the right channel on the left, instead of the conventional placement of using the right side. No instructions or cables are provided for the firmware upgrades and filter uploads, so you are left to your own devices to fiddle around. 

Parts quality used is high, with twin Noratel transformers for the internal linear power supply - one each for the DAC board and headamp circuit board. A super regulated circuit is used to supply the DC voltage rails for the DAC board which should result in very low ripple, while the headamp board relies on LT137/337 precision regulators. Premium capacitors in selected areas are used such as Nichicon Muse and Rubycon ZLH.

The asynchronous USB input is handled by an Amanero board. It played all my test files without any issue, including DSD. 

The analog outputs are taken from the buffered audio output circuit on the Soekris board (the Soekris board also offers a direct output, trading off drive and output impedance).

The headphone amp board has a socketed opamp, so feel free to experiment to get the tone you like. The stock opamp provided is the Burr Brown OPA2134P.

Some words on the volume control, the toggle should be activated with the unit powered down, to avoid the Soekris board latching on to it's +10 db mode (a built-in feature). I forgot to do that and ended up clipping my preamp input. Also, note that the volume pot directly accesses the volume control in the Soekris board which is a digital-domain volume control. 28 bit resolution allows a little bit of headroom for digital attenuation before you start to have data loss.

I inserted the Vinshine into my main system, replacing my Totaldac D1-dual. I used the AES digital input most of the time, and the balanced analog outputs (converted to single ended using Totaldac converters, which are transformer based).

Sound Quality

The review unit was kindly burnt-in by Alvin. For good measure, I put another 48 hours of continuous play through my preferred digital input and analog outputs for good measure. I found that the Vinshine reached an optimal state of performance after extended warm-up time - at least a day or two. The casing was just slightly warm to the touch, you should leave this continuously powered up.

Listening over several days, I found the Vinshine to have an inverted "smiley-face" frequency curve - with a lack of extension of both frequency extremes. This is quite subtle, and I noticed this as reduced slam on large scale orchestral works, as well as subdued energy in the shimmering of cymbals and ambience. There was some smoothing over of detail in the midrange, but otherwise the Vinshine was quite detailed and resolving. 

Tonally, the Vinshine is a sweet and laidback performer. It has an easy-going and relaxed demeanour which should make it a perfect companion to enjoy an evening unwinding (with your beverage of choice). It's polite presentation will also take a bit of edge off spitty and more raw sounding recordings. 

Soundstaging is spot-on with appropriate width and depth, with accurate placement of instruments and vocals. I did find that the Vinshine sounded smaller in scale compared to my reference equipment, so perhaps it is not the first choice if you like listening to larger scale works like orchestral pieces or rock concerts.

The Vinshine's headphone stage is quite good. It had plenty of drive, and had no problem with either my Beyer DT-880 (250 ohm version) or Sennheiser Massdrop HD6xx headphones. However, hiss was quite noticeable with my Ultimate Ears Superfi 5 IEMs.

From a value perspective, the Vinshine is outstanding. You get very competent performance from both the DAC and headphone stage. It punches well above it's weight and compares very favourably to it's competitors. 


The Vinshine is a very nice piece of kit at it's asking price. It has a likeable character, although it tends to favour certain genres of music more. Recommended.

Vinshine Audio
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Recommended Retail Price : USD 1,480